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The Human Ideal

Wise ones throughout history have given humanity a picture of the Human Ideal to strive for, such as religious saints like Jesus in the Gospels or Ayn Rand's selfish individualist. Rudolf Steiner presents to the world a new Human Ideal for our age. Part I of the book describes THE FREE THINKER while Part II describes THE FREE SPIRIT. The Human Ideal is when they are united.

Update 1


THE HUMAN IDEAL

presented in
RUDOLF STEINER'S
THE PHILOSOPHY OF FREEDOM


CHAPTER


THE FREE
THINKER 
The Knower


HUMAN 
BEING

elements of
cognition


THE FREE
SPIRIT
The Doer


CHAPTER

1. Conscious Human Action


 I KNOW WHY
I ACT

Will


I ACT
INDIVIDUALLY

14. The Individual
And The Genus

2. Why The Desire For
Knowledge Is Fundamental


I DESIRE
TRUTH

Feel


I DESIRE
THE GOOD

13. The Value Of Life

3. Thought As The
Instrument Of Knowledge


I THINK
UNIVERSALLY

Think


I THINK
IMAGINATIVELY

12. Moral Imagination

4. The World As Percept


I GIVE MEANING
TO THE WORLD

Perception


I GIVE PURPOSE
TO MY LIFE

11. World Purpose And Life Purpose

5. Our Knowledge Of The World


I KNOW THE
WORLD

Conception


I ACT
ETHICALLY

10. Monism And The Philosophy Of Freedom

6. Human Individuality


MY IDEAS 
ARE
REALITY-BASED

Idea


MY ACTIONS
REALIZE IDEALS

9. The Idea Of Freedom

7. Are There Any Limits To Knowledge?

 
THE WORLD IS
A WHOLE

Cognition

 
I AM PART OF
THE WHOLE

8. The Factors Of Life

How can we get along?  HARMONY OF INTENTIONS A moral misunderstanding, a clash of aims, is impossible between those who are free.

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Creator Collaboration

I recently posted some videos on YouTube on current social and political topics. It was suggested I get more people involved in this for feedback, topic ideas, and participation such as a co-host and guests. With more participation the YouTube videos could generate more interest. This post is for discussion about this. If needed I can set up a creator group within the website for this purpose.

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Philosophy Influences Politics

Maybe I will spend my time taking on Ayn Rand and her influence in politics by offering an alternative philosophy.

Ayn Rand’s philosophy of “selfish individualism” now dominates the thinking of the leadership of the conservative movement and the Republican Party. She claims to know the human being. Maybe I will contrast her selfish individualism with another philosophy of “ethical individualism”. Political platforms are an expression of values. The Republican platform is strongly influenced by Ayn Rand’s values. Are progressive values rooted in a different understanding of the human being?

“Man — every man — is an end in himself, not the means to the ends of others. He must exist for his own sake, neither sacrificing himself to others nor sacrificing others to himself. The pursuit of his own rational self-interest and of his own happiness is the highest moral purpose of his life.”
–Ayn Rand, 1962

“If a man strives towards sublimely great ideals, it is because such ideals are the content of his being, and to realize them brings an enjoyment compared with which the pleasure that is drawn from the satisfaction of commonplace needs is a mere nothing. Idealists delight in translating their ideals into reality.” –Rudolf Steiner, 1894

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Script Draft For Chapter 1 Introduction Video

The Philosophy Of Freedom, Chapter One Conscious Human Action

This video is an introduction to Chapter One of The Philosophy Of Freedom; Conscious Human Action.
It begins with the question, Are we free in our thought and action, or inescapably controlled by necessity?

The common belief among people is that we are free.
Freedom is implied in many of the things we say, and many of the attitudes we take.
Suppose tomorrow is a holiday.
You are considering what to do.
You can hike up a mountain or stay home and read a book.
You can fix your bike or go visit the zoo.
I appears obvious to us that we are free to determine our action, at least some of the time.

You also believe in freedom if you believe in morality.
Morality is based on free choice, the ability to choose between right and wrong.

We cannot hold people morally responsible for their actions if they are not free to make choices.
How can we justify the judgment of others unless we believe in free will.
Without free will we would be automatons who simply did whatever we were pre-programmed by nature or society to do.

Religion teaches that the Divine Creator gave free will to everyone.
Its as simple as that!
The downside of such a belief is that it is not based on knowledge.
It is faith.

Science demands more than belief.
Scientists deny free will by the fact that we are physical creatures in a physical world subject to well established natural laws.
Why would the uniformity of natural law be broken in the field of human action?
Since our action is a part of the world it is subject to the laws of cause and effect just as everything else is.
It is hard to deny that we are directed by laws of conduct when our behavior is caused by motivations, temperament, physiological processes, environmental conditions, and so on.
Religion accepts free will on faith while science rejects free will on the evidence provided by research.

But what exactly do we mean by free will?
The discussion of free will is rich and remarkable with 100's of different meanings given to freedom.
Whether freedom is even possible depends on what you mean by the word ‘free’.
Are we free when we can do whatever we wish or is freedom somehow related to quantum chance?

We can narrow down the question of freedom by asking, What is a freedom worth having?
A freedom worth having would not be vague or questionable but scientifically verifiable.
It would need to be a science of freedom that could be clearly explained and experienced.
It would be a freedom that described the advance of evolution up to the ethical individual without the need of some kind of supernatural intervention.

The purpose of The Philosophy Of Freedom is to establish a science of freedom that guides the unfoldment of free ethical individuals.
A knowledge of freedom can be used to create social and political forms that support human development and well-being.
The Philosophy Of Freedom Study Course will attempt to describe the gradual step by step development toward human freedom.

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© Tom Last 2017