12 WORLD-OUTLOOKS The structure of a Philosophy Of Freedom chapter is that it begins with an introduction to the chapter theme which is followed by 12 views of the theme. The reading is much easier if you know what world-outlook is being expressed. The views are numbered in the online text, and follow in order, 1. Materialism 2. Spiritism 3. Realism 4. Idealism 5. Mathematism 6. Rationalism 7. Psychism 8. Pneumatism 9. Monadism 10. Dynamism 11. Phenomenalism and 12. Sensationalism. These views are described in Rudolf Steiner's Human And Cosmic Thought.
The next study course video will be on chapter 1, Conscious Human Action.
Welcome to the Philosophy Of Freedom study group where we will learn about ethical individualism.
We have brought together a diverse discussion panel to introduce you to a progressive philosophy of life.
The panel will go through the entire book chapter by chapter and discuss the main topics.
You are welcome to participate by posting your questions and comments in the comment box.
I am the group moderator and will attempt to deepen the conversation.
Now lets meet our panel.
I am a materialist.
As a scientist I try to explain everything by sticking to what I know, the material world and its laws.
I am a Spiritist.
The material world is only a manifestation of the world of mind.
By developing our powers, the Truth that we seek comes to us through our own inner activity.
As a Realist and repair man I recognize the external world.
The external world that surrounds me is something I can see and think about.
I am a professor with the world-view of Idealism.
The world has no meaning unless there is within it a progressive tendency. I am interested in the world of ideas and ideals that give the world meaning and purpose.
These are the four basic world-views.
The other views are variations between these four.
Materialists direct their attention on the outer material-physical world.
Spiritists direct their attention on the world of spirit or Mind.
Realists on the external world that surrounds them.
And Idealists on the world of ideas.
I am a programming engineer with a world view of Mathematism.
Mathematical thinking taught me that if I focus and control my thinking I can arrive at the correct answer by following a logical sequence of thought.
I discovered that there are mathematical laws that apply as soundly in the phenomenal world as they do within the world of thought.
This is significant since these laws exist within their own right, independent of us, and apply to both worlds; they unify the mind and the world.
Rationalism is essential for a lawyer like myself; the world view of Rationalism.
If mathematical ideas are real in the world, why should not other ideas correctly apply to the world?
I accept ideas that are discovered in the world, outside myself.
Rational ideas are backed up by evidence found in the world.
I am a psychologist with the world-view of Psychism.
My interest is in people.
We must remember that ideas are bound up with some one who is capable of having ideas.
Ideas are connected with people.
I am a Pnuematist and psychic.
I seek forces beyond the material world.
Pneuma is a word for "spirit".
I believe there is an active spirit in the outside world.
I am a philosopher with the world-view of Monadism.
I am a self-conscious and completely self-dependent ego.
Truth is not revealed to outer observation so I do not accept anything as truth from the outside world.
I have conceptual powers to grasp the directing principle of things within myself.
All my experience, sensation, and knowledge is the result of my own inner activity.
My world-view is Dynamism.
I am an artist who believes that change and progress are brought about by dynamic forces.
I look for the forces and energies that are behind external phenomena.
Forces are dominate everywhere.
My outlook is Phenomenalism.
As a researcher I describe the appearance or observed features of what I experience.
Other than my observations, I have no right to say more about it.
I am not saying that what appears to me is the true world.
It is a world of phenomena.
I am a gourmet who loves to cook and my world-view is Sensationalism.
We have a world all around us.
But what we really have is what we have added to it, what we have thought into the world.
I peel off from my experience everything that comes from the understanding and reason, and accept only my sense impressions without interpretation.
Thank you panel.
Lets begin our discussion of The Philosophy Of Freedom with chapter 1, Conscious Human Action.