Steps To Freedom


Rudolf Steiner wrote The Philosophy Of Freedom. Part I is a Hero's Journey to True Knowledge and Part II is a Hero's Journey to your True Self.

THE ORDINARY WORLD: The Hero's Journey begins in our ordinary life of group think and group identity. My group determines how I should think, how I should behave and my social position, yet I remain under the illusion that I am free.

THE CALL: Eventually, a point of maturity is reached when a person hears the call to freedom. A life of conditioned responses and group conformity is not satisfying. He asks, What is the source of my ideas and What are the real reasons for my actions? Obviously, I cannot be free if I produce no ideas and only follow others. Does my life have any real value without freedom? But is freedom even possible?

MEET THE MENTOR: Centuries of philosophical debate have not been able to conclusively answer the question of freedom. By chance, I came across Rudolf Steiner who points to an experience of freedom in his book "The Philosophy Of Freedom." Steiner is not just another speculating philosopher. He presents a science of freedom that is a map to guide the journey to free thought and free deeds. The path begins by overcoming the weakness caused by uncertainty and doubts. Steiner's path to true knowledge empowers each one of us with conviction, the conviction found only in truth that springs from within.

CROSSING THE THRESHOLD: True knowledge cannot be reached in ordinary thinking and perception. Thinking must be disciplined to cross the threshold into the realm of universal concepts. This is the place of pure thinking where thought is guided by thought. Before we can understand anything else, thinking must be understood.

LOST IN THE ABYSS: Within the world of thought I become lost in the abyss of abstract conceptual systems. How can I know anything other than my ideas? I am enclosed within my subjective world of ideas and cannot escape from it. Reactive thinking immediately inserts my ideas between myself and the perceived world blinding me to the real world.

THE TREASURE: Life is difficult for a person who is unable to grasp reality. Eventually, a person learns that if their thoughts do not apply to the world, then their judgments are wrong. The way out is to recognize that the world causes thoughts in the mind. When selflessly observing the world a conceptual intuition arises within me to make the world intelligible. True judgment is a skill that depends on developing the powers of intuition. It requires finding the thought that corresponds to my observation and placing the thing in its proper context.

TRANSFORMATION: Having grasped the conceptual essence of a thing, I can now individualize the concept by relating it to my unique individuality. Now my creative ideas are reality-based. If my feeling life is devoid of thought I will lose all connection with the world. But knowledge transforms my feeling-life. Gaining knowledge educates and develops my feelings. I become a true individuality by purifying my feelings, by reaching up with my feelings as high as possible into the region of ideals.

THE RETURN: I make my return with new powers of cognition. Now the "world of appearance" reveals its true nature to me. When I know what to make of the world, it is an easy task to orient myself within it.

By completing the Hero's Journey to True Knowledge we have become a cognizing or knowing being. Now we must enter into a new Hero's Journey to become a free being.

THE CALL: The journey to become a free spirit begins with a call to self-knowledge. I turn my developed cognitive abilities toward integrating my personality by understanding my feelings and acts of will. If I turn away from thinking and towards "mere" feeling and will, these lose for me their genuine reality. The challenge is to find both feeling and will in the intuitive experience of thinking, then I experience an outpouring of spiritual love.

MEET THE MENTOR: Only I alone can transform myself into my true self. But before this is possible I must be able to answer the question, "What is a free spirit?" How can I expect to become a free spirit if I do not know what it is? I have to find the concept of the free spirit. Again, I turn to Rudolf Steiner. He provides me with the idea of freedom in Part II of The Philosophy Of Freedom.

CROSSING THE THRESHOLD: As an unfree person I submit to the moral authority of those wiser and more powerful than myself, until I realize these authorities are just weak human beings like myself. The driving force of a free spirit is an ethical impulse to act that springs from intuition. Experiencing the impulse of freedom began a new life for me. I now obey only myself by allowing this impulse to express itself in life.

LOST IN THE ABYSS: What is my destiny? Is there a purpose to the world or to life that has predetermined my life's journey? I am told that my course in life has already been determined by others, by the laws of nature, by the course of history, by cosmic purposes. No, I set my own life purposes. My task, as a free spirit, is at every moment the one I choose.

THE TREASURE: Before making a decision, an unfree person will ask, What have others done or What has God commanded be done? A free spirit makes a completely original decision. He cares very little about what others have done. Performing a free deed is a skill that requires developing the capacity of moral intuition and moral imagination. It also requires the general scientific knowledge of moral technique. Moral intuition is the intuitive selection of an ethical principle to suit a particular situation. Moral imagination is the creative translation of the ethical principle into a concrete goal. And moral technique is the technical implementation of the goal into the world without causing harm. The ethical individualists true joy of life is achieving free deeds.

TRANSFORMATION: The Pessimist says the egotistical striving for pleasure does not lead to satisfaction. Instead, we should submit ourselves to the selfless service of cultural progress. The Pessimist does not understand the transformation a person undergoes to become a free spirit. The highest pleasure of the free spirit is the achievement of his idealistic goals. Ethics depends on a strong will empowered by ideal intuitions that achieves its goal even though the path is full of thorns. A true individuality is his own master.

THE RETURN: Having emancipated myself from the characteristic traits of my group type, I live within community as an independent free spirit. My contribution to advance the moral life of the community is conduct that springs from intuition. As an Ethical Individualist I live out in practice the ideas of my moral imagination.


Science Of Freedom
The Philosophy Of Freedom is the foundation of a new branch of science—the science of freedom. Its method is philosophic based on psychological observation. Its style is the way cognitive theory was expressed in that time... If this science of freedom does not receive the same intensive cultivation accorded other sciences, freedom will be irretrievably lost both by society and by the individual.

Rudolf Steiner to the Ethical Individualist, "You will attain what you seek to achieve and much more."


Steps To Freedom Pages
The Steps To Freedom pages identifies 12 key ideas in each chapter that can be applied to life on the developmental path to True Knowledge and True Self.

Steps .1 to .12: Striving For Individuality 
Introduction: The Goal Of Knowledge Part 1


Steps 0.1 to 0.12: Striving For Inner Truth
Introduction: The Goal Of Knowledge Part 2

Steps 1.1 to 1.12: Striving For Freedom
Chapter 1 Conscious Human Action

Steps 2.1 To 2.12: Striving For Knowledge
Chapter 2 The Fundamental Desire For Knowledge

Steps 3.1 to 3.12: Thinking Process
Chapter 3 Thinking As The Instrument Of Knowledge

Steps 4.1 to 4.12: Perception Process 
Chapter 4 The World As Perception

Steps 5.1 to 5.12: Conception Process 
Chapter 5 Knowing The World

Steps 6.1 to 6.12: Ideation Process
Chapter 6 Human Individuality

Steps 7.1 to 7.12: Cognition Process 
Chapter 7 Are There Any Limits To Knowledge?


Steps 8.1 - 8.12
Chapter 8 The Factors Of Life

Steps 9.1- 9.12
Chapter 9 The Idea Of Freedom

Steps 10.1 - 10.12
Chapter 10 Freedom Philosophy And Monism

Steps 11.1 - 11.12
Chapter 11 World-Purpose And Life Purpose (The Destiny Of Man)

Steps 12.1 - 12.12
Chapter 12 Moral Imagination (Darwinism And Ethics)

Steps 13.1 - 13.12
Chapter 13 The Value Of Life (Optimism And Pessimism)

Steps 14.1 - 14.12
Chapter 14 Individuality And Type


Core principles of the Philosophy Of Freedom to know and strive toward.

0-p1. Cultivate Individuality In Life
0-p2. Cultivate Individuality In Truth Found In Human Nature
1. Know Why You Act
2. Strive For True Knowledge That Unifies Self-World
3. Practice Pure Thinking
4. Continually Correct Your World-Pictures
5. Rightly Apply Concepts To World
6. Individualize Concepts Into Reality-Based Ideas
7. Answer Your Own Questions
8. Find Feeling And Will In Thinking
9. Learn The Concept Of The Free Spirit
10. Obey The Impulse Of Freedom
11. Envision Purpose Into Your Life
12. Create New Ethical Rules In Each Moment
13. Achieve Great Ideals With A Powerful Will Sustained By Ethical Intuitions
14. Identify As A Free Spirit


CHAPTER Part I THEME: Striving For Individuality - The uniqueness of the individual is something worth cultivating.

Theme: Cultivation Of Individuality
topic .01 Shake Off Authority
topic .02 Inner Validation
topic .03 Self-Development
topic .04 Leaderless Striving
topic .05 Select Own Ideals
topic .06 Inner Worthiness Of Each
topic .07 Nonconformity
topic .08 Unique Perfection Of Each
topic .09 Unique Individual Contribution
topic .010 Free Creative Expression
topic .011 Striving For Freedom
topic .012 Independence

“Truth that comes to us from the outside always brings with it uncertainty. We are only convinced by what appears to each of us inwardly as truth.”

CHAPTER Part II THEME: Striving For Inner Truth - Inner truth is more useful than outer truth.

Theme: Inner Truth
topic .1 Conviction Of Inner Truth
topic .2 Empowered By Truth
topic .3 Inner Knowing
topic .4 Advance In Knowledge
topic .5 Recognition Of Truth
topic .6 Apply Freedom Principles
topic .7 Practice Pure Thinking
topic .8 Principles Serve Life
topic .9 Science Of Freedom
topic .10 All-Around Human Development
topic .11 Ideas Serve Human Goals
topic .12 Master Of Ideas

“The doer is set apart from the knower, but the one that matters most is lost sight of —the knowing doer, the one who acts out of knowledge.”

CHAPTER THEME: Striving For True Freedom - By becoming more conscious of why we act we can awaken from the illusion of freedom to true freedom.

Theme: True Freedom
topic 1.1 Freedom Of Indifferent Choice
topic 1.2 Freedom Of Choice
topic 1.3 Free Expression Of One's Nature
topic 1.4 Conduct Of Character
topic 1.5 Question Of Consciousness
topic 1.6 Rational Decision
topic 1.7 Ability To Do What One Wants
topic 1.8 Spontaneous Will
topic 1.9 Known Reason
topic 1.10 Driving Force Of Heart
topic 1.11 Act Out Of Love
topic 1.12 See Good Qualities

“Only when we have made the world-content into our thought-content, do we find again the unity from which we have separated ourselves.”

CHAPTER THEME: Stiving For True Knowledge - We gain knowledge of the world in two ways; observation and thought. This individualization process splits our being into two parts and sends us on a quest to reconcile our thoughts with the world. True knowledge unifies observation and thought --reconciles the split-- when individual insight discovers the essence of nature within (the cooresponding concept) that belongs to the self and also to the world, each in his own way. While I am seeing nature outside, the cooresponding concept arises from within (conceptual intuition).

Theme: True Knowledge
topic 2.1 Materialism
topic 2.2 Spiritualism
topic 2.3 Realism
topic 2.4 Idealism
topic 2.5 Materialistic Idealism
topic 2.6 Indivisible Unity
topic 2.7 Contrast Self
topic 2.8 Feeling Impulse
topic 2.9 Know Nature Within
topic 2.10 Something More Than "I"
topic 2.11 Description Of Consciousness
topic 2.12 Facts Without Interpretation

“There is no denying that thinking must be understood before anything else can be understood.”

CHAPTER THEME: Freedom Of Thinking - Thinking gains knowledge of the world through the selfless contemplation of it. Pure thinking is guided in linking thoughts by the content of thought.

Theme: Freedom Of Thinking
topic 3.1 Exceptional State
topic 3.2 Active Thinking
topic 3.3 Selfless Contemplation
topic 3.4 Contemplation Of Past Thought
topic 3.5 Know Thought
topic 3.6 Pure Thinking
topic 3.7 I Think, Therefore I Exist
topic 3.8 Realm Of Pure Thought
topic 3.9 Create Thought, Then Know
topic 3.10 Self-Supporting Thought
topic 3.11 Examination Of Thinking
topic 3.12 Rightly Applied Thought

“The perception of a change in me, the modification my Self undergoes, is thrust into the foreground, while the object causing this modification is completely lost sight of. As a consequence it is said: We do not perceive the objects, but only our ideas.”

CHAPTER THEME: Perception Bias - Our perception, as it first appears before we consciously analyze it, is a projection by our organization of past experience.

Theme: Perception Bias
topic 4.1 Generalize Phenomena
topic 4.2 Thinking Consciousness
topic 4.3 Thought Free Observation
topic 4.4 World-Picture Corrections
topic 4.5 Observation Corrections
topic 4.6 Subjective Perception-Picture
topic 4.7 Retain Memory-Idea
topic 4.8 Idea Thrust Into Foreground
topic 4.9 My Organization Forms Perception (external object lost)
topic 4.10 World Is Projection Of Psyche
topic 4.11 External Perception Is My Idea
topic 4.12 Perceived World Is My Idea

“Anything we observe in the world remains unintelligible to us, until the corresponding intuition arises within us which adds that part of reality missing in the percept.”

CHAPTER THEME: True Judgment - The supposedly unknowable "thing-in-itself" is knowable by means of conceptual intuition. The concept that corresponds to what is observed arises through thoughtful contemplation of object. Without this concept the world is unintelligible. The world is known when "right judgment" correctly applies the concept that corresponds to the world. This overcomes the perception bias in chapter 4.

Theme: True Judgment
topic 5.1 Awakened State Of Thinking
topic 5.2 True Judgment (correctly applied thought)
topic 5.3 World Caused Thought
topic 5.4 Process Of Becoming
topic 5.5 Concept And Object Indivisible
topic 5.6 Isolate Single Concepts
topic 5.7 Self-Definition
topic 5.8 Universal Concepts Unify
topic 5.9 Conceptual World Unity
topic 5.10 Corresponding Intuition
topic 5.11 Conceptual Connections
topic 5.12 Objective Percept

“A true individuality will be the one who reaches up with his feelings as high as possible into the region of ideals.”

CHAPTER THEME: Independent Ideas - The independent thinker purifies feelings by reaching them up into universal thinking. Independent reality-based ideas are formed by individualizing the universal cognitive concept gained in chapter 5. Our thinking is individualized by factors of our individuality presented in chapter 6.

Theme: Independent Idea 
topic 6.1 Perception Of Motion
topic 6.2 Intuitive Idea
topic 6.3 Reality-Based Idea
topic 6.4 Experience Of Reality
topic 6.5 Subjective Idea
topic 6.6 Express Pleasure And Pain
topic 6.7 Two-Fold Nature (thinking and feeling)
topic 6.8 True Individuality (reach feelings up to universal thought)
topic 6.9 Standpoint
topic 6.10 Intensity Of Feelings
topic 6.11 Education Of Feelings
topic 6.12 Living Concepts

“It follows from the concept of cognizing, as we have defined it, that we cannot speak of limits to cognition.”

CHAPTER THEME: Reality - We resolve the personal questioning of chapter 2 and reach cognitive satisfaction in chapter 7. The world of appearance is given its true nature when cognition combines the percept and concept into the true situation.

Theme: Reality - True Nature Of World
topic 7.1 Facts Of Experience and Hypothetical World Principle
topic 7.2 "I" Answers Its Questions
topic 7.3 Reconcile Well-Known Percepts and Concepts
topic 7.4 Conceptual Representation Of Objective Reality
topic 7.5 Real Principles in addition to Ideal Principles
topic 7.6 Real Evidence Of Senses in addition to Ideal Evidence
topic 7.7 Ideal Entities in addition to Vanishing Perceptions
topic 7.8 Imperceptible Reality in addition to Perceptible Reality
topic 7.9 Monism: Sum of Perceptions and Laws of Nature
topic 7.10 Separation and then Reunion of Self into World Continuum
topic 7.11 Inductive Reasoning: Infer Underlying Causes From Sum of Effect
topic 7.12 Objective Real World Continuum in addition to a Subjective World Continuum


"The error in the mystical form of intuition is that it wants to experience in feeling what should be attained as knowledge. The Mystic tries to elevate feeling, which is individual, into a universal principle."

CHAPTER THEME: Self Knowledge - Feeling and willing (action) are something we perceive just like other percepts. All percepts are incomplete realities until they are understood by adding their concept. Self knowledge requires understanding our feeling and willing.

Theme: Self-Knowledge
topic 8.1 Feeling Personality
topic 8.2 Reality Of Personality
topic 8.3 Knowledge Of Feeling
topic 8.4 Concept Of Self
topic 8.5 Prioritize Emotional Development
topic 8.6 Feeling Insight
topic 8.7 Philosopher of Feeling (felt union with things)
topic 8.8 Mysticism (subjective feeling)
topic 8.9 Willing Personality
topic 8.10 Voluntarism (will is principle of reality)
topic 8.11 Naive Knowledge Of Feeling And Willing
topic 8.12 Universal Will

"The concept of man is not complete unless it includes the free spirit as the purest expression of human nature. After all, we are human in the fullest sense only to the extent that we are free."

CHAPTER THEME: True Self - The action of an ethical individualist is determined by an idea originating in pure thought (practical reason). To become your true self it is necessary to know what a free spirit is. The concept of your true self as a free spirit is given in this chapter.

Theme: True Self
topic 9.1 Idealistic Will
topic 9.2 Ethical Character
topic 9.3 Motivated Idea
topic 9.4 Levels Of Morality
topic 9.5 Ethical Intuition
topic 9.6 Situational Idea
topic 9.7 Ethical Individualism
topic 9.8 Love Of Goal
topic 9.9 Free Action
topic 9.10 Social Harmony
topic 9.11 Free Spirit
topic 9.12 Social Order
topic 9.1 addition: Impulse Of Freedom

"To the extent a person receives his ethical principles from outside he is in fact unfree. But the Idea can manifest itself in the human individual. To the extent a person follows his impulses from this side, he is free."

CHAPTER THEME: Moral Authority - Obey only yourself.

Theme: Moral Authority
topic 10.1 Mechanical Laws Of Materialism
topic 10.2 Dictates Of Spiritual Being
topic 10.3 Automaton Or Slave
topic 10.4 Imposed Principles
topic 10.5 Free Ethical Impulse
topic 10.6 Accusation Of Unfreedom
topic 10.7 Realization Of Free Spirit
topic 10.8 Individual Will Impulse
topic 10.9 Course Of Development That Leads To Free Spirit
topic 10.10 Find Own Self
topic 10.11 Truly Moral Worldview
topic 10.12 Moral Way Is Freedom

"What is man's purpose in life? Monism has but one answer: The purpose which he gives to himself. I have no predestined mission in the world; my mission, at any one moment, is that which I choose for myself."

CHAPTER THEME: World Continuum - Human Purpose - This chapter clarifies the difference between human purpose and the natural laws at work in the world continuum. Only a human being can have purpose. Knowledge of the laws at work in the world continuum are needed to change the world with moral technique in chapter 12.

Theme: World Continuum - Human Purpose
topic 11.1 Perceptual Factor
topic 11.2 Conceptual Factor
topic 11.3 Human Purpose
topic 11.4 Invented Purpose
topic 11.5 Laws Of Nature
topic 11.6 Purposeful Life
topic 11.7 Human Destiny
topic 11.8  Human Purpose Actualized
topic 11.9 Formative Principle Of Nature
topic 11.10 Teleology (purposeful design)
topic 11.11 Harmony Within Whole
topic 11.12 Cosmic Purpose

"Concrete ideas are formed by us on the basis of our concepts by means of the imagination. Therefore what the free spirit needs in order to carry out his ideas, in order to assert himself in the world, is moral imagination."

CHAPTER THEME: Free Ethical Deed - A free deed begins with freely selecting an ethical intention (moral intuition). This universal ethical principle needs to be translated into a concrete goal (moral imagination) and then implemented into the world in a way that doesn't disrupt the current order of the world anymore than is necessary (moral technique).

Theme: Free Ethical Deed
topic 12.1 Concrete Idea (specific goal)
topic 12.2 Moral Imagination (translate ethical principle to specific goal)
topic 12.3 Moral Technique (transform world w/o violating existing laws)
topic 12.4 Science Of Morality
topic 12.5 Ethical Rules Newly Created Every Moment
topic 12.6 Evolution Of Morality
topic 12.7 Evolution Of Ethical Nature
topic 12.8 Sovereignty Of Ethical Individual
topic 12.9 Characterization Of Deed (free or not free)
topic 12.10 Free Deed (realization of pure ideal)
topic 12.11 Free To Want What Is Right
topic 12.12 Enslaved Spirit

“He acts as he wants to act—according to his ethical intuitions—and he finds the true enjoyment of life in achieving what he wants.”

CHAPTER THEME: True Individuality - When the emotions are purified the mature fully developed individual will want to do what he considers right, be his own master and find the enjoyment of life to be the achievement of his goals.

Theme: True Individuality
topic 13.1 Best Possible World (cooperative participation)
topic 13.2 Pain Of Striving (universal idleness)
topic 13.3 Pain Outweighs Pleasure (selfless service)
topic 13.4 Pleasure Of Striving (future goal)
topic 13.5 Quantity Of Pleasure (rational estimation of feeling)
topic 13.6 Quality Of Pleasure (critical examination of feeling)
topic 13.7 Pursuit Of Pleasure (hopelessness of egotism)
topic 13.8 Value Of Pleasure (satisfaction of needs)
topic 13.9 Will For Pleasure (intensity of desire)
topic 13.10 Magnitude Of Pleasure (amusement)
topic 13.11 Highest Pleasure (realization of moral ideals)
topic 13.12 Joy Of Achievement (measure achievement against aims)

“An ethnic group is a whole, and the members belonging to it exhibit characteristic traits that are determined by the nature of the group… However, the human being frees himself from these typical characteristics. He develops his own traits and roles for reasons that can only be found in himself.”

CHAPTER THEME: Free Individuality - How to identify a free individuality within a community of conformists.

Theme: Free Individuality
topic 14.1 Group Type
topic 14.2 Emancipation From Type
topic 14.3 Judge According To Character
topic 14.4 Occupational Choice
topic 14.5 Free Self-Determination
topic 14.6 Free Thinking
topic 14.7 Find Innermost Core
topic 14.8 Individual Views And Actions
topic 14.9 Knowing An Individuality
topic 14.10 Free Spirit In Community
topic 14.11 Ethical Conduct
topic 14.12 Moral Contribution To Humanity




WAY OF KNOWING ANTHROPOMORPHISM: restrict oneself to what can be experienced on, around or in oneself

PRINCIPLE: Cultivate Individuality In Life

From Collectivism To Individualism
STEP .01 From submission to authority To shake off authority
STEP .02 From expert validation To inner validation
STEP .03 From distracted by world To commitment to self-development
STEP .04 From follow your hero To leaderless striving
STEP .05 From forced ideals To select own ideals
STEP .06 From some are worthy To inner worthiness of each
STEP .07 From strive to conform To nonconformity (strive to be yourself)
STEP .08 From perfection of the group To unique perfection of each
STEP .09 From collective action To unique individual contribution
STEP .010 From rules of expression To free creative expression
STEP .011 From striving for collective bondage To striving for freedom
STEP .012 From dependent on others To independent of others


PRINCIPLE: Cultivate Individuality In Truth Found In Human Nature

0.0 From the Path Of Outer Truth To the Path Of Inner Truth
STEP .1 From uncertain truth To conviction of inner truth
STEP .2 From weakened by doubt To empowered by truth
STEP .3 From vague belief To inner knowing
STEP .4 From academic knowledge To advance in knowledge (in own way)
STEP .5 From compelled to understand To recognition of truth
STEP .6 From flaunt cultural trends To apply principles of individualism
STEP .7 From practice piety To practice pure thinking
STEP .8 From principles of theory To applied principles serve life
STEP .9 From a philosophy of freedom To a science of freedom
STEP .10 From science of idle curiosity To all-around human development
STEP .11 From humans serve ideas To ideas serve human goals
STEP .12 From slave of ideas To master of ideas


WAY OF KNOWING OCCULTISM: concealed or hidden from view, essential nature of things is beyond range of ordinary knowledge or sense-perception

REALM Willing process

PRINCIPLE: Know Why You Act

1.0 Free In Thought And Action OR Determined By Necessity Of Natural Law?
STEP 1.1 freedom of indifferent choice OR Strauss says science shows choice always determined by a specific reason?
STEP 1.2 freedom of choice OR Spencer says analysis of consciousness shows choice determined by desire?
STEP 1.3 free expression of one’s nature OR Spinoza says determined by external causes to exist and to act in a fixed and exact way?
STEP 1.4 act on idea only if approved by ideals of character (free of external causes) OR Hartman says determined by necessity of characterological disposition?
STEP 1.5 question: do we have free will? OR question: is action result of conscious motive?
STEP 1.6 free when rational decision controls action OR rational decision occurs in me with necessity?
STEP 1.7 ability to do what I wish OR Hamerling says I am determined by strongest motive?
STEP 1.8 freedom of spontaneous unconditioned will OR determined by invisible causes?
STEP 1.9 reason for action is known OR action determined by known thought but of unknown origin?
STEP 1.10 heart prevails when action motivated by driving force of compassion OR action determined by thoughts that appear in mind that arouse compassion?
STEP 1.11 act out of love OR love depends on forming idealistic thoughts of the beloved?
STEP 1.12 seeing good qualities awakens love OR love is experienced by those who have formed a perception-picture of good qualities?


WAY OF KNOWING TRANSCENDENTALISM: I FEEL IT MUST BE THERE OUTSIDE Outside and beyond anything that can be experienced, the essential nature of things lies hidden. But I do not feel it flow within my soul, I only feel it must be there, outside. Transcending or going beyond.

Realm Feeling process

PRINCIPLE: Strive For True Knowledge That Unifies Self-World

As soon as we begin to have thoughts our being is split in two between our thought-content (I) and the perceived world-content.
The world is a single whole reality, but as soon as we begin to have thoughts a split occurs between our inner world of thought and the outer perceived world. We become dissatisfied and feel separated from the world. The feeling that we belong within the universe, not outside it, drives our desire for knowledge. The history of the spiritual life is a continuous quest for the unity between ourselves and the world.

How do we find our way back to unity?
Neither Monism or Dualism can reconcile the split between the World and Self, for they do not do justice to the facts. Dualism pays attention only to the separation between Self and World brought about by human consciousness. Monism pays attention only to the unity and tries either to deny or to gloss over the opposites. We can find the connection once more when we discover the essence of Nature within. The split is determined in a specific way by the organization of each perceiving person, so the bridging of the gap can only take place in a specific way for each person. A person integrates themselves back into the world by combining their thought with the observed world and thus gain true knowledge (see chapter 7).

2.0 Separating 'Self and World' TO Unifying 'Self and World'
STEP 2.1 One-sided Materialism turns attention toward the material world / physical processes and away from the mind and the thinking of the "I".
STEP 2.2 One-sided Spiritualism turns attention toward spiritual theory and away from the physical world which it considers merely a product of mind.
STEP 2.3 One-sided Realism turns attention to the external world to gain experience and away from the ideals of idealism.
STEP 2.4 One-sided Idealism turns attention toward the magnificent ideas of idealism and away from the experience of the external world.
STEP 2.5 Materialistic Idealism is caught in a paradox that thinking is produced by material processes and the perception of material processes is produced by our thinking.
STEP 2.6 If the world is found to be an indivisible unity at the level of elementary particles it cannot be explained why it manifests to us in a two-fold manner.
STEP 2.7 It is we ourselves who break away and contrast "Self" in opposition to the “World”. The way back is to know that the human being is within nature, and all of nature is found within the human being (microcosm-macrocosm).
STEP 2.8 We have estranged ourselves from Nature but we feel we exist within Nature and belong to her. This feeling impulse can only be the outer working of nature living in us too.
STEP 2.9 Dualism considers the human mind a spiritual entity utterly alien to Nature and attempts somehow to hitch it on to Nature. We must seek out the essence of Nature in us, and then we will discover our connection with her once more.
STEP 2.10 The problem is the sense of being only "I". A deeper investigation of our being must bring us to the solution which is discovering something within that is more than "I".
STEP 2.11 Rather than being concerned with using terms such as "Self," "Mind," "World," "Nature," in the precise way as used by Psychology and Philosophy, I am more concerned with descriptions of what we all experience in our own consciousness.
STEP 2.12 I am not concerned with the way science has interpreted consciousness, but rather with recording the facts of how we experience consciousness without interpretation.


WAY OF KNOWING MYSTICISM In the inner realm something is experienced about the world that cannot be experienced externally. The world reveals its secrets in the inner realm.

REALM Thinking process

PRINCIPLE: Practice Pure Thinking

3.0 From Spectator Watches TO Thinker Predicts
STEP 3.1 From everyday state TO exceptional state
STEP 3.2 From passive feeling TO active thinking
STEP 3.3 From feelings express personality TO selfless contemplation of object
STEP 3.4 From present thought TO contemplate past thought
STEP 3.5 From know phenomena indirectly TO know thought directly
STEP 3.6 From physiological basis of thought TO pure thinking guided by content of thought
STEP 3.7 From uncertainty of things TO certainty of thought
STEP 3.8 From thought mingles with observation TO remain within pure thought
STEP 3.9 From know nature, then create again TO create thought, then know
STEP 3.10 From nature of another’s thought TO self-supporting thought
STEP 3.11 From start with observation TO start with examination of thinking
STEP 3.12 From right or wrong thought TO rightly applied thought


WAY OF KNOWING EMPIRICISM I will incorporate into my world conception whatever I meet with in the world, whatever shows itself externally.

REALM Perception process

PRINCIPLE: Continually Correct Your World-Pictures

4.0 Advance from Thinking Reacts TO Observation TO Concepts Added To Observation
STEP 4.1 From generalize phenomena TO conceptualize phenomena
STEP 4.2 From thinking consciousness of object TO conceptual reference
STEP 4.3 From thought free observation TO establish conceptual relationships
STEP 4.4 From world-picture contradictions TO world-picture corrections
STEP 4.5 From mathematical and qualitative perception-picture TO correct observations
STEP 4.6 From subjective perception-picture formed in act of perceiving TO knowledge limited To my subjective-perception picture
STEP 4.7 From I observe stream of perception-pictures TO I retain a memory-idea
STEP 4.8 From idea thrust into foreground TO knowledge limited to my subjective ideas (thing-in-itself is unknowable)
STEP 4.9 From external perception is idea formed by my organization TO external object is completely lost
STEP 4.10 From external world is projection of my psyche TO external world is creation of my psyche
STEP 4.11 From external percept is my idea TO confuse external with internal observations
STEP 4.12 From perceived world is my idea TO my ideas are product of sense perception


WAY OF KNOWING VOLUNTARISM Will is the dominant factor in the world, lawful nature of thing

REALM Conception process

PRINCIPLE: Rightly Apply Concepts To World

5.0 From Indirect Knowledge Of Thing-In-Itself To Direct Knowledge Of Thing-In-Itself (conceptual intuition)
STEP 5.1 From dream state of ideas To awakened state of thinking
STEP 5.2 From naive acceptance of appearance To true judgment (correctly applied thought)
STEP 5.3 From thought exists only in head To world causes specific concept To arise
STEP 5.4 From momentary picture To process of becoming (continuous process of growth)
STEP 5.5 From sequence of appearances To indivisible existence of concept with object
STEP 5.6 From perceived stream of events To isolate and grasp single concepts
STEP 5.7 From self-perception To self definition by means of thinking
STEP 5.8 From individual experience isolates (sensing, feeling, perceiving) To universal concepts unify
STEP 5.9 From world unity fail To conceptual world unity
STEP 5.10 From appearance of equal value To corresponding intuition reveals hierarchal reality
STEP 5.11 From gathering percepts To conceptual connections of percepts
STEP 5.12 From objective percept To subjective memory-idea


WAY OF KNOWING LOGICISM Connect things together, thoughts-concepts-ideas, eyes-nose-mouth

REALM Ideation process

PRINCIPLE: Individualize Concepts Into Reality-Based Ideas

6.0 From Perception (different than external things) To Conception (identical with external things)
STEP 6.1 From sense perception To perception of movement
STEP 6.2 From intuitive idea To recall intuitive idea
STEP 6.3 From reality-based idea To refer to reality-based idea
STEP 6.4 From unthinking traveler and abstract scholar To experience of reality
STEP 6.5 From objective idea To subjective idea
STEP 6.6 From subjective individual ego To express pleasure and pain
STEP 6.7 From universal self To individual self
STEP 6.8 From swing between universal thought and personal feelings To true individuality (reach feelings up To universal ideals)
STEP 6.9 From individual life environment To individual standpoint
STEP 6.10 From individual organization To intensity of feelings
STEP 6.11 From feeling life devoid of thought To education of feeling life
STEP 6.12 From concepts To living concepts


WAY OF KNOWING GNOSIS Know things of world not through senses, through certain cognitional forces

REALM Cognition process

PRINCIPLE: Answer Your Own Questions

7.0 From World Of Appearance TO True Nature Of World
STEP 7.1 From facts of experience To hypothetically assumed world principle
STEP 7.2 From "I" questions To "I" answers
STEP 7.3 From well-known percepts To well-known concepts
STEP 7.4 From objective reality (object-in-itself) To conceptual representation of objective reality
STEP 7.5 From ideal principles To real principles
STEP 7.6 From ideal evidence To real evidence of senses
STEP 7.7 From perceptible entities To ideal entities
STEP 7.8 From perceptible reality To imperceptible forces
STEP 7.9 From sum of percepts To monism: laws of nature
STEP 7.10 From separation of “I” To monism: integration of “I” To world continuum
STEP 7.11 From sum of effects To inductive reasoning: deduction of underlying causes
STEP 7.12 From subjective world continuum To objective real world continuum



WAY OF KNOWING GNOSIS Know things of world not through senses, through certain cognitional forces

REALM Cognition process

PRINCIPLE: Find Feeling And Will In Thinking

8.0 From Knowing Personality To Feeling And Willing Personality
STEP 8.1 From relate percept to feeling To feeling personality
STEP 8.2 From perception of feeling To reality of personality
STEP 8.3 From incomplete feeling To knowledge of feeling
STEP 8.4 From feeling of existence To concept of self
STEP 8.5 From direct relationship in feeling To prioritize emotional development
STEP 8.6 From feeling connection to feeling insight (instrument of knowledge)
STEP 8.7 From insert self into everything To philosopher of feeling (felt union with things)
STEP 8.8 From mystic feeling intuition To mysticism (subjective feeling)
STEP 8.9 From willing personality To perception of willing
STEP 8.10 From direct experience of will To voluntarism (will is principle of reality)
STEP 8.11 From real principles of feeling and willing To naive knowledge of feeling and willing
STEP 8.12 From universal will To conceptually relate will to world


WAY OF KNOWING LOGICISM Connect things together, thoughts-concepts-ideas, eyes-nose-mouth

REALM Ideation process

PRINCIPLE: Learn The Concept Of The Free Spirit

9.0 From Conceptual Intuition Of My Perception To Conceptual Intuition Of My Act Of Will
STEP 9.1 From act of will not determined by idea To ideal will
STEP 9.2 From motive and driving force To ethical character
STEP 9.3 From characterological disposition To motivated idea
STEP 9.4a From levels of characterological disposition (driving force) To practical reason
STEP 9.4b From levels of motive (goals) To conceptual intuition
STEP 9.5 From conduct determined by ideal content or motive To capable of ethical intuition
STEP 9.6 From situational idea: moral duty To situational idea: ethical intuition
STEP 9.7 From ethical individualism (express one's ethical content) To ethical intuition
STEP 9.8 From love of goal To good deed
STEP 9.9 From corrupt action To free action
STEP 9.10 From common moral order To harmony of intentions
STEP 9.11 From concept of free spirit To actualize free spirit
STEP 9.12 From dangerous free spirit To social order favors individual
STEP 9.1 addition: From psyche-physical organization TO impulse of freedom


WAY OF KNOWING VOLUNTARISM Will is the dominant factor in the world, lawful nature of thing

REALM Conception process

PRINCIPLE: Obey The Impulse Of Freedom

10.0 From External Moral Authority To Internal Moral Authority
STEP 10.1 From mechanical laws of materialism To illusion of freedom
STEP 10.2 From dictates of spiritual being To do god's will
STEP 10.3 From materialist automaton or spiritualist slave To no room for freedom
STEP 10.4 From imposed principles To freedom denial
STEP 10.5 From accept moral principles From others To free ethical impulse
STEP 10.6 From reject accusations of unconscious compulsion To identify specific cause that made this person act unfreely
STEP 10.7 From unfree in world of percepts To realization of free spirit
STEP 10.8 From free creation of ethical world order To ruler of authoritarian collective
STEP 10.9 From true philosophy of freedom To course of development that leads to free spirit
STEP 10.10 From stages of development To find own self
STEP 10.11 From preparatory stages of morality To truly moral world view
STEP 10.12 From ethical maxims of higher beings To moral way is freedom

Chapter 11 WORLD PURPOSE AND LIFE PURPOSE (The Destiny Of Man)

WAY OF KNOWING EMPIRICISM I will incorporate into my world conception whatever I meet with in the world, whatever shows itself externally.

REALM Perception process

PRINCIPLE: Envision Purpose Into Your Life

11.0 From Cause And Effect To Purposeful Action
STEP 11.1 From percepts cause and effect To concepts cause and effect
STEP 11.2 From conceptual factor of effect To conceptual factor of plant
STEP 11.3 From lawful of effect To human action
STEP 11.4 From imperceptible forces To imaginary purpose
STEP 11.5 From non-human purposes To laws of nature
STEP 11.6 From set life purposes To operative idea
STEP 11.7 From life task To chosen mission
STEP 11.8 From human purpose actualized To historical purpose is invalid
STEP 11.9 From order and unity in world To formative principle of nature
STEP 11.10 From adaptation in purpose To teleology (purposeful design)
STEP 11.11 From inborn idea of nature To law of machine
STEP 11.12 From cosmic purpose To rejection of absolute cosmic being

CHAPTER 12 MORAL IMAGINATION (Darwinism and Ethics)

WAY OF KNOWING MYSTICISM In the inner realm something is experienced about the world that cannot be experienced externally. The world reveals its secrets in the inner realm.

REALM Thinking process

PRINCIPLE: Create New Ethical Rules In Each Moment

12.0 From Act On Ideas Of Others To Act On Original Decision
STEP 12.1 In each particular case find concrete idea of the action TO in each particular case translate the universal conceptual principle into concrete idea of action
STEP 12.2 Merely preach morality TO use Moral Imagination to translate ethical principle into specific goal
STEP 12.3 Rely on others with technical skill to implement your moral ideas TO use Moral Technique to transform the world w/o violating the natural order.
STEP 12.4 Study of normative ethical standards TO study of individual moral imaginations (moral ideas) that are operating in life.
STEP 12.5 From inherited moral laws TO ethical rules newly created at every moment
STEP 12.6 From later moral ideas evolve out of earlier ones TO new moral ideas not drawn from earlier ones
STEP 12.7 From theory of evolution genealogical tree TO the individual as a being with a particular ethical nature.
STEP 12.8 From rejection of supernatural influence TO Ethical Individualism as the crown of evolution.
STEP 12.9 From evolution of natural functions TO evolution of organic life continues to moral life of self-determination (free deed verified by discovering ethical idea that determined individual action)
STEP 12.10 From the theory of natural origin TO the theory of the natural origin of the free deed (an action that is the image of an ideal intuition is experienced as free).
STEP 12.11 From whether I can do what I want depends on external circumstances and my technical skill TO being free means to be able to determine out of oneself, by moral imagination, the ideas (motives) on which the action is based.
STEP 12.12 From external powers prevent me from doing what I want and damn me to do nothing TO enslaved when someone else determines my moral ideas.

CHAPTER 13 THE VALUE OF LIFE (Optimism and Pessimism)

WAY OF KNOWING TRANSCENDENTALISM: I FEEL IT MUST BE THERE OUTSIDE Outside and beyond anything that can be experienced, the essential nature of things lies hidden. But I do not feel it flow within my soul, I only feel it must be there, outside. Transcending or going beyond.

Realm Feeling process

PRINCIPLE: Achieve Great Ideals With A Powerful Will Sustained By Ethical Intuitions

13.0 Optimistic View Is That Life Is Good While The Pessimistic View Is That Life Is Full Of Misery
STEP 13.1 The Optimistic view that the world is the best possible leads to cooperative participation.
STEP 13.2 The Pessimistic view that life is dissatisfaction and suffering leads to universal idleness.
STEP 13.3 Pessimism is used as a foundation for ethics by convincing someone pain outweighs pleasure in the world so one should selflessly serve world progress.
STEP 13.4 Fulfillment of striving causes pleasure while failure pain, but the striving itself for a goal causes pleasure. It is an inspiring feeling to try one's best.
STEP 13.5 The quantity of pleasure in life is calculated by the estimation of feeling.
STEP 13.6 The quality of pleasure is determined by the critical examination of feeling.
STEP 13.7 The bankruptcy of life occurs when the pain is so great there is no longer hope of future pleasure. At this point the Pessimist says a person is ready to devote themselves to selfless service having recognized the hopelessness of egotism. The Pessimist believes ethical ideals are not strong enough to overcome egotism.
STEP 13.8 Pleasure has its highest value when all needs are satisfied.
STEP 13.9 How much pain we can endure in the pursuit of a goal depends on the intensity of desire.
STEP 13.10 When we are looking for amusement we want the greatest magnitude of pleasure (intensity and duration).
STEP 13.11 Our highest pleasure is the realization of our moral ideals.
STEP 13.12 The mature person determines the value of life by comparing what he has achieved with the goals striven for. The true enjoyment of life in achieving what you want. A true individuality is his own master and the assessor of his own value.


WAY OF KNOWING OCCULTISM: concealed or hidden from view, essential nature of things is beyond range of ordinary knowledge or sense-perception

REALM Willing process

PRINCIPLE: Identify As A Free Spirit

14.0 Free Individuality OR What We Think And How We Act Determined By Our Group?
STEP 14.1 members of ethnic group have characteristic traits and behavior conditioned by group OR don't allow group type to direct away from individual person?
STEP 14.2 common human qualities artificially made to restrict freedom OR individual emancipated from what is typical can only be explained individually?
STEP 14.3 judge according to general characteristics of type OR positions in society determined by individual character, abilities and inclinations?
STEP 14.4 place person in occupation suited to their natural disposition OR allow occupational choice with the opportunity to prove one has it in them to succeed
STEP 14.5 academic study of characteristics of race, ethnicity, nation and sex OR laws of type cannot explain self-determined individuality
STEP 14.6 fixed conceptual content handed over to group OR individual gains his own concepts and thinks freely
STEP 14.7 in understanding an individual stop short at the level of typical characteristics OR to understand single individuality find way to innermost core
STEP 14.8 prepare by studying abstract thoughts and general concepts of the type OR observe his acts of will and have individuality tells us his way of viewing the world
STEP 14.9 immediately mix your own preconceptions into every judgment of others OR to understand a free individuality receive into our mind those concepts by which he defines himself
STEP 14.10 animal-like part of being controlled by authorities OR emancipate oneself from the characteristic traits of type to become a free spirit within a community
STEP 14.11 member of natural and social organism who lives by imitating others or by obeying their commands OR win freedom with ethical conduct that springs from intuition
STEP 14.12 history of the moral life is the education of the human race by a transcendent God OR contribute to the moral activity of humanity by living out in practice ones concepts and ideas that spring from moral imagination