Steps To Freedom

"My Philosophy Of Freedom does not claim to offer the 'only possible' way to truth, but is meant to describe the path taken by one for whom truth is central." Rudolf Steiner TPOF 0.6 

Steps To Freedom Guide
Rudolf Steiner established a science of freedom to secure the Enlightenment ideals of Truth, Individuality, Freedom and Knowledge in the age of science. The methods used are Descriptive Science and Comparative Science. The Steps To Freedom guide identifies 12 key ideas in each chapter that can be applied to life on the developmental path to True Knowledge and True Self.

Science Of Freedom
"The Philosophy Of Freedom is the foundation of a new branch of science—the science of freedom. Its method is philosophic based on psychological observation. Its style is the way cognitive theory was expressed in that time... If this science of freedom does not receive the same intensive cultivation accorded other sciences, freedom will be irretrievably lost both by society and by the individual." RS quote

Rudolf Steiner to the Ethical Individualist, "You will attain what you seek to achieve and much more."


Steps .1 to .12: Striving For Individuality 
Introduction: The Goal Of Knowledge Part 1


Steps 0.1 to 0.12: Striving For Inner Truth
Introduction: The Goal Of Knowledge Part 2

Steps 1.1 to 1.12: Striving For Freedom
Chapter 1 Conscious Human Action

Steps 2.1 To 2.12: Striving For Knowledge
Chapter 2 The Fundamental Desire For Knowledge

Steps 3.1 to 3.12: Thinking Process
Chapter 3 Thinking As The Instrument Of Knowledge

Steps 4.1 to 4.12: Perception Process 
Chapter 4 The World As Perception

Steps 5.1 to 5.12: Conception Process 
Chapter 5 Knowing The World

Steps 6.1 to 6.12: Ideation Process
Chapter 6 Human Individuality

Steps 7.1 to 7.12: Cognition Process 
Chapter 7 Are There Any Limits To Knowledge?


Steps 8.1 - 8.12
Chapter 8 The Factors Of Life

Steps 9.1- 9.12
Chapter 9 The Idea Of Freedom

Steps 10.1 - 10.12
Chapter 10 Freedom Philosophy And Monism

Steps 11.1 - 11.12
Chapter 11 World-Purpose And Life Purpose (The Destiny Of Man)

Steps 12.1 - 12.12
Chapter 12 Moral Imagination (Darwinism And Ethics)

Steps 13.1 - 13.12
Chapter 13 The Value Of Life (Optimism And Pessimism)

Steps 14.1 - 14.12
Chapter 14 Individuality And Type


Rules for life that correspond to chapters in Rudolf Steiner's Philosophy Of Freedom.

0. Take The Path To Inner Truth Because Its More Useful
1. Know Why You Act, Otherwise Its Obvious You're Not Free
2. To Find It Outside, First Know It Within
3. Set Aside Time To Practice Pure Thinking Every Day
4. Avoid Bias By Continually Correcting Your Observations
5. Know The World By Applying Thought Correctly
6. Purify Your Emotions By Reaching Them Up Into The Region Of Ideals
7. Remain In Contact With Reality
8. Understand Your Gut Feelings To Make Sure Its Not Just Indigestion
9. To Become A Free Spirit, First Find Out What It is
10. Obey None But Yourself
11. Live A Purposeful Life By Having Purpose
12. Imagine Idealistic Goals And Implement Them Without Messing Things Up
13. To Do "Good”, Don't Do What You Ought To Do, Do What You Want To Do
14. Contribute To The Moral Life Of Humanity By Performing Free Deeds


Last update: 04/17/2021

Book Theme: Science Of Freedom
Based of the observation of human nature.

Part I True Knowledge
Part II True Self

True Knowledge allows the ethical individualist to properly orientate himself to the world. Knowledge of his True Self allows the Ethical Individualist to develop his full human potential as a free spirit.


“We regard the perfection of the whole as depending on the unique perfection of each single individual.”

CHAPTER Part I THEME: Striving For Individuality - The uniqueness of the individual is something worth cultivating.

Theme: Individuality
topic .01: Shake Off Authority
topic .02: Inner Validation
topic .03: Self-Development
topic .04: Leaderless Striving
topic .05: Select Own Ideals
topic .06: Inner Worthiness Of Each
topic .07: Nonconformity
topic .08: Unique Perfection Of Each
topic .09: Unique Individual Contribution
topic .010: Free Creative Expression
topic .011: Striving For Freedom
topic .012: Independence

“Truth that comes to us from the outside always brings with it uncertainty. We are only convinced by what appears to each of us inwardly as truth.”

CHAPTER Part II THEME: Striving For Inner Truth - Inner truth is more useful than outer truth.

Theme: Inner Truth
topic .1: Conviction Of Inner Truth
topic .2: Empowered By Truth
topic .3: Inner Knowing
topic .4: Advance In Knowledge
topic .5: Recognition Of Truth
topic .6: Apply Freedom Principles
topic .7: Practice Pure Thinking
topic .8: Self-Governing Knowledge (empowered ideas)
topic .9: Science Of Freedom
topic .10: All-Around Human Development
topic .11: Ideas Serve Human Goals
topic .12: Master Of Ideas

“The doer is set apart from the knower, but the one that matters most is lost sight of —the knowing doer, the one who acts out of knowledge.”

CHAPTER THEME: Striving For True Freedom - By becoming more conscious of why we act we can awaken from the illusion of freedom to true freedom.

Theme: True Freedom
topic 1.1: Freedom Of Indifferent Choice
topic 1.2: Freedom Of Choice
topic 1.3: Free Expression Of One's Nature
topic 1.4: Conduct Of Character
topic 1.5: Question Of Consciousness
topic 1.6: Rational Decision
topic 1.7: Ability To Do What One Wants
topic 1.8: Spontaneous Will
topic 1.9: Known Reason
topic 1.10: Driving Force Of Heart
topic 1.11: Act Out Of Love
topic 1.12: See Good Qualities

“Only when we have made the world-content into our thought-content, do we find again the unity from which we have separated ourselves.”

CHAPTER THEME: Stiving For True Knowledge - We gain knowledge of the world in two ways; observation and thought. This individualization process splits our being into two parts and sends us on a quest to reconcile our thoughts with the world. True knowledge unifies observation and thought --reconciles the split-- when individual insight discovers the essence of nature within (the cooresponding concept) that belongs to the self and also to the world, each in his own way. While I am seeing nature outside, the cooresponding concept arises from within (conceptual intuition).

Theme: True Knowledge
topic 2.1: Materialism
topic 2.2: Spiritualism
topic 2.3: Realism
topic 2.4: Idealism
topic 2.5: Materialistic Idealism
topic 2.6: Indivisible Unity
topic 2.7: Contrast Self
topic 2.8: Feeling Impulse
topic 2.9: Know Nature Within
topic 2.10: Something More Than "I"
topic 2.11: Description Of Consciousness
topic 2.12: Facts Without Interpretation

“There is no denying that thinking must be understood before anything else can be understood.”

CHAPTER THEME: Freedom Of Thinking - Thinking gains knowledge of the world through the selfless contemplation of it. Pure thinking is guided in linking thoughts by the content of thought.

Theme: Freedom Of Thinking
topic 3.1: Exceptional State
topic 3.2: Active Thinking
topic 3.3: Selfless Contemplation
topic 3.4: Contemplation Of Past Thought
topic 3.5: Know Thought
topic 3.6: Pure Thinking
topic 3.7: Certainty Of Thought
topic 3.8: Remain Within Pure Thought
topic 3.9: Create Thought, Then Know
topic 3.10: Self-Supporting Thought
topic 3.11: Examination Of Thinking
topic 3.12: Rightly Applied Thought

“The perception of a change in me, the modification my Self undergoes, is thrust into the foreground, while the object causing this modification is completely lost sight of. As a consequence it is said: We do not perceive the objects, but only our ideas.”

CHAPTER THEME: Perception Bias - Our perception, as it first appears before we consciously analyze it, is a projection by our organization of past experience.

Theme: Perception Bias
topic 4.1: Generalize Phenomena
topic 4.2: Thinking Consciousness
topic 4.3: Thought Free Observation
topic 4.4: World-Picture Corrections
topic 4.5: Observation Corrections
topic 4.6: Subjective Perception-Picture
topic 4.7: Retain Memory-Idea
topic 4.8: Idea Thrust Into Foreground
topic 4.9: My Organization Forms Perception (external object lost)
topic 4.10: World Is Projection Of Psyche
topic 4.11: External Perception Is My Idea
topic 4.12: Perceived World Is My Idea

“Anything we observe in the world remains unintelligible to us, until the corresponding intuition arises within us which adds that part of reality missing in the percept.”

CHAPTER THEME: True Judgment - The supposedly unknowable "thing-in-itself" is knowable by means of conceptual intuition. The concept that corresponds to what is observed arises through thoughtful contemplation of object. Without this concept the world is unintelligible. The world is known when "right judgment" correctly applies the concept that corresponds to the world. This overcomes the perception bias in chapter 4.

Theme: True Judgment
topic 5.1: Awakened State Of Thinking
topic 5.2: True Judgment (correctly applied thought)
topic 5.3: World Caused Thought
topic 5.4: Process Of Becoming
topic 5.5: Concept And Object Indivisible
topic 5.6: Isolate Single Concepts
topic 5.7: Self-Definition
topic 5.8: Universal Concepts Unify
topic 5.9: Conceptual World Unity
topic 5.10: Corresponding Intuition
topic 5.11: Conceptual Connections
topic 5.12: Objective Percept

“A true individuality will be the one who reaches up with his feelings as high as possible into the region of ideals.”

CHAPTER THEME: Independent Ideas - The independent thinker purifies feelings by reaching them up into universal thinking. Independent reality-based ideas are formed by individualizing the universal cognitive concept gained in chapter 5. Our thinking is individualized by factors of our individuality presented in chapter 6.

Theme: Independent Idea 
topic 6.1: Perception Of Motion
topic 6.2: Intuitive Idea
topic 6.3: Reality-Based Idea
topic 6.4: Idea Of Individual Experience
topic 6.5: Subjective Idea
topic 6.6: Express Pleasure And Pain
topic 6.7: Two-Fold Nature (thinking and feeling)
topic 6.8: True Individuality (reach feelings up to universal thought)
topic 6.9: Worldview
topic 6.10: Intensity Of Feelings
topic 6.11: Education Of Feelings
topic 6.12: Living Concepts

“It follows from the concept of cognizing, as we have defined it, that we cannot speak of limits to cognition.”

CHAPTER THEME: Reality - We resolve the personal questioning of chapter 2 and reach cognitive satisfaction in chapter 7. The world of appearance is given its true nature when cognition combines the percept and concept into the true situation.

Theme: Reality - True Nature Of World
topic 7.1: Facts Of Experience and Hypothetical World Principle
topic 7.2: "I" Answers Its Questions
topic 7.3: Reconcile Well-Known Percepts and Concepts
topic 7.4: Conceptual Representation Of Objective Reality
topic 7.5: Real Principles in addition to Ideal Principles
topic 7.6: Real Evidence Of Senses in addition to Ideal Evidence
topic 7.7: Ideal Entities in addition to Vanishing Perceptions
topic 7.8: Imperceptible Reality in addition to Perceptible Reality
topic 7.9: Monism: Sum of Perceptions and Laws of Nature
topic 7.10: Separation and then Reunion of Self into World Continuum
topic 7.11: Inductive Reasoning: Infer Underlying Causes From Sum of Effect
topic 7.12: Objective Real World Continuum in addition to a Subjective World Continuum


"The error in the mystical form of intuition is that it wants to experience in feeling what should be attained as knowledge. The Mystic tries to elevate feeling, which is individual, into a universal principle."

CHAPTER THEME: Self Knowledge - Feeling and willing (action) are something we perceive just like other percepts. All percepts are incomplete realities until they are understood by adding their concept. Self knowledge requires understanding our feeling and willing.

Theme: Self-Knowledge
topic 8.1: Feeling Personality
topic 8.2: Reality Of Personality
topic 8.3: Knowledge Of Feeling
topic 8.4: Concept Of Self
topic 8.5: Prioritize Emotional Development
topic 8.6: Feeling Insight
topic 8.7: Philosopher of Feeling (felt union with things)
topic 8.8: Mysticism (subjective feeling)
topic 8.9: Willing Personality
topic 8.10: Voluntarism (will is principle of reality)
topic 8.11: Naive Knowledge Of Feeling And Willing
topic 8.12: Universal Will

"The concept of man is not complete unless it includes the free spirit as the purest expression of human nature. After all, we are human in the fullest sense only to the extent that we are free."

CHAPTER THEME: True Self - The action of an ethical individualist is determined by an idea originating in pure thought (practical reason). To become your true self it is necessary to know what a free spirit is. The concept of your true self as a free spirit is given in this chapter.

Theme: True Self
topic 9.1: Ideal Will
topic 9.2: Ethical Character
topic 9.3: Motivated Idea
topic 9.4: Levels Of Morality
topic 9.5: Ethical Intuition
topic 9.6: Situational Idea
topic 9.7: Ethical Individualism
topic 9.8: Love Of Goal
topic 9.9: Free Action
topic 9.10: Social Harmony
topic 9.11: Free Spirit
topic 9.12: Social Order
topic 9.1 addition: Impulse Of Freedom

"To the extent a person receives his ethical principles from outside he is in fact unfree. But the Idea can manifest itself in the human individual. To the extent a person follows his impulses from this side, he is free."

CHAPTER THEME: Moral Authority - Obey only yourself.

Theme: Moral Authority
topic 10.1: Mechanical Laws Of Materialism
topic 10.2: Dictates Of Spiritual Being
topic 10.3: Automaton Or Slave
topic 10.4: Imposed Principles
topic 10.5: Free Ethical Impulse
topic 10.6: Accusation Of Unfreedom
topic 10.7: Realization Of Free Spirit
topic 10.8: Individual Will Impulse
topic 10.9: Course Of Development That Leads To Free Spirit
topic 10.10: Find Own Self
topic 10.11: Truly Moral Worldview
topic 10.12: Moral Way Is Freedom

"What is man's purpose in life? Monism has but one answer: The purpose which he gives to himself. I have no predestined mission in the world; my mission, at any one moment, is that which I choose for myself."

CHAPTER THEME: World Continuum - Human Purpose - This chapter clarifies the difference between human purpose and the natural laws at work in the world continuum. Only a human being can have purpose. Knowledge of the laws at work in the world continuum are needed to change the world with moral technique in chapter 12.

Theme: World Continuum - Human Purpose
topic 11.1: Perceptual Factor
topic 11.2: Conceptual Factor
topic 11.3: Human Purpose
topic 11.4 Invented Purpose
topic 11.5: Laws Of Nature
topic 11.6: Purposeful Life
topic 11.7: Human Destiny
topic 11.8  Human Purpose Actualized
topic 11.9: Formative Principle Of Nature
topic 11.10: Teleology (purposeful design)
topic 11.11: Harmony Within Whole
topic 11.12: Cosmic Purpose

"Concrete ideas are formed by us on the basis of our concepts by means of the imagination. Therefore what the free spirit needs in order to carry out his ideas, in order to assert himself in the world, is moral imagination."

CHAPTER THEME: Free Ethical Deed - A free deed begins with freely selecting an ethical intention (moral intuition). This universal ethical principle needs to be translated into a concrete goal (moral imagination) and then implemented into the world in a way that doesn't disrupt the current order of the world anymore than is necessary (moral technique).

Theme: Free Ethical Deed
topic 12.1: Concrete Idea (specific goal)
topic 12.2: Moral Imagination (translate ethical principle to specific goal)
topic 12.3: Moral Technique (transform world w/o violating existing laws)
topic 12.4: Science Of Morality
topic 12.5: Ethical Rules Newly Created Every Moment
topic 12.6: Evolution Of Morality
topic 12.7: Evolution Of Ethical Nature
topic 12.8: Sovereignty Of Ethical Individual
topic 12.9: Characterization Of Deed (free or not free)
topic 12.10: Free Deed (realization of pure ideal)
topic 12.11: Free To Want What Is Right
topic 12.12: Enslaved Spirit

“He acts as he wants to act—according to his ethical intuitions—and he finds the true enjoyment of life in achieving what he wants.”

CHAPTER THEME: True Individuality - When the emotions are purified the mature fully developed individual will want to do what he considers right, be his own master and find the enjoyment of life to be the achievement of his goals.

Theme: True Individuality
topic 13.1: Best Possible World (cooperative participation)
topic 13.2: Pain Of Striving (universal idleness)
topic 13.3: Pain Outweighs Pleasure (unselfish service)
topic 13.4: Pleasure Of Striving (future goal)
topic 13.5: Quantity Of Pleasure (rational estimation of feeling)
topic 13.6: Quality Of Pleasure (critical examination of feeling)
topic 13.7: Pursuit Of Pleasure (hopelessness of egotism)
topic 13.8: Value Of Pleasure (satisfaction of needs)
topic 13.9: Will For Pleasure (intensity of desire)
topic 13.10: Magnitude Of Pleasure (amusement)
topic 13.11: Highest Pleasure (realization of moral ideals)
topic 13.12: Joy Of Achievement (measure achievement against aims)

“An ethnic group is a whole, and the members belonging to it exhibit characteristic traits that are determined by the nature of the group… However, the human being frees himself from these typical characteristics. He develops his own traits and roles for reasons that can only be found in himself.”

CHAPTER THEME: Free Individuality - How to identify a free individuality within a community of conformists.

Theme: Free Individuality
topic 14.1: Group Type
topic 14.2: Emancipation From Type
topic 14.3: Judge According To Character
topic 14.4: Merit Promotion
topic 14.5: Free Self-Determination
topic 14.6: Free Thinking
topic 14.7: Find Innermost Core
topic 14.8: Individual Views And Actions
topic 14.9: Emancipation Of Knowing
topic 14.10: Emancipation Of Being
topic 14.11: True Ethical Conduct
topic 14.12: Moral Contribution To Humanity



Striving For Individuality

From Collectivism To Individualism
STEP .01 From submission to authority To shake off authority
STEP .02 From expert validation To inner validation
STEP .03 From distracted by world To commitment to self-development
STEP .04 From follow your hero To leaderless striving
STEP .05 From forced ideals To select own ideals
STEP .06 From some are worthy To inner worthiness of each
STEP .07 From strive to conform To nonconformity (strive to be yourself)
STEP .08 From perfection of the group To unique perfection of each
STEP .09 From collective action To unique individual contribution
STEP .010 From rules of expression To free creative expression
STEP .011 From striving for collective bondage To striving for freedom
STEP .012 From dependent on others To independent of others

Striving For Inner Truth

0.0 From the Path Of Outer Truth To the Path Of Inner Truth
STEP .1 From uncertain truth To conviction of inner truth
STEP .2 From weakened by doubt To empowered by truth
STEP .3 From vague belief To inner knowing
STEP .4 From academic knowledge To advance in knowledge (in own way)
STEP .5 From compelled to understand To recognition of truth
STEP .6 From cultural trends To apply freedom principles To life
STEP .7 From piety training To practice pure thinking
STEP .8 From how things work To self-governing knowledge (empowered ideas)
STEP .9 From freedom questions To science of freedom
STEP .10 From science of idle curiosity To all-around human development
STEP .11 From humans serve ideas To ideas serve human goals
STEP .12 From slave of ideas To master of ideas

Striving For True Freedom

1.0 From Illusion Of Freedom TO Consciousness Of Lawful Necessity
STEP 1.1 From freedom of indifferent choice To choice determined by a reason
STEP 1.2 From freedom of choice To choice determined by desire
STEP 1.3 From free expression of one’s nature To necessity of external causes
STEP 1.4 From conduct of character (free of external causes) To necessity of characterological disposition
STEP 1.5 From question of free will To question of conscious motive
STEP 1.6 From rational decision To rational necessity of decision
STEP 1.7 From ability to do what one wishes To necessity of strongest motive
STEP 1.8 From spontaneous unconditioned will To necessity of invisible cause
STEP 1.9 From known reason To origin of reason
STEP 1.10 From driving force of compassionate heart To form thoughts that arouse compassion
STEP 1.11 From act out of love To form thoughts that idealize the loved one
STEP 1.12 From see good qualities To form perception-pictures of good qualities

Striving For True Knowledge

2.0 From Separating 'Self and World' TO Unifying 'Self and World'
STEP 2.1 From one-sided materialistic conception To shift away from self
STEP 2.2 From one-sided spiritualistic theory To material world is never found
STEP 2.3 From one-sided realism experience of external world To need material things To realize idealistic intentions
STEP 2.4 From one-sided idealism w/o experience To does away with external world
STEP 2.5 From accept both materialism and idealism To mind and matter paradox
STEP 2.6 From indivisible unity of matter and mind To can't explain two-fold manifestation
STEP 2.7 From contrast ourselves as “self” To microcosm-macrocosm (we in nature, nature in us)
STEP 2.8 From feel within nature To feeling impulse (outer working of nature in us)
STEP 2.9 From dualist speculation about interaction of nature and mind To find essence of nature within
STEP 2.10 From merely “I” To something more than “I"
STEP 2.11 From academic terms of psychology and philosophy To descriptions of consciousness we all experience
STEP 2.12 From scholar interpretations of consciousness To record facts of everyday life

Freedom Of Thinking

3.0 From Spectator Watches TO Thinker Predicts
STEP 3.1 From everyday state To exceptional state
STEP 3.2 From passive feeling To active thinking
STEP 3.3 From feelings express personality To selfless contemplation of object
STEP 3.4 From present thought To contemplate past thought
STEP 3.5 From know phenomena indirectly To know thought directly
STEP 3.6 From physiological basis of thought To pure thinking guided by content of thought
STEP 3.7 From uncertainty of things To certainty of thought
STEP 3.8 From thought mingles with observation To remain within pure thought
STEP 3.9 From know nature, then create again To create thought, then know
STEP 3.10 From nature of another’s thought To self-supporting thought
STEP 3.11 From start with observation To start with examination of thinking
STEP 3.12 From right or wrong thought To rightly applied thought

Perception Bias

4.0 Advance from Thinking Reacts To Observation TO Concepts Added To Observation
STEP 4.1 From generalize phenomena To conceptualize phenomena
STEP 4.2 From thinking consciousness of object To conceptual reference
STEP 4.3 From thought free observation To establish conceptual relationships
STEP 4.4 From world-picture contradictions To world-picture corrections
STEP 4.5 From mathematical and qualitative perception-picture To observation corrections
STEP 4.6 From subjective perception-picture formed in act of perceiving To knowledge limited To my subjective-perception picture
STEP 4.7 From I observe stream of perception-pictures To I retain a memory-idea
STEP 4.8 From idea thrust into foreground To knowledge limited to my subjective ideas (thing-in-itself is unknowable)
STEP 4.9 From external perception is idea formed by my organization To external object is completely lost
STEP 4.10 From external world is projection of my psyche To external world is creation of my psyche
STEP 4.11 From external percept is my idea To confuse external with internal observations
STEP 4.12 From perceived world is my idea To my ideas are product of sense perception

True Judgment

5.0 From Indirect Knowledge Of Thing-In-Itself To Direct Knowledge Of Thing-In-Itself (conceptual intuition)
STEP 5.1 From dream state of ideas To awakened state of thinking
STEP 5.2 From naive acceptance of appearance To true judgment (correctly applied thought)
STEP 5.3 From thought exists only in head To world causes specific concept To arise
STEP 5.4 From momentary picture To process of becoming (continuous process of growth)
STEP 5.5 From sequence of appearances To indivisible existence of concept with object
STEP 5.6 From perceived stream of events To isolate and grasp single concepts
STEP 5.7 From self-perception To self definition by means of thinking
STEP 5.8 From individual experience isolates (sensing, feeling, perceiving) To universal concepts unify
STEP 5.9 From world unity fail To conceptual world unity
STEP 5.10 From appearance of equal value To corresponding intuition reveals hierarchal reality
STEP 5.11 From gathering percepts To conceptual connections of percepts
STEP 5.12 From objective percept To subjective memory-idea

Independent Ideas

6.0 From Perception (different than external things) To Conception (identical with external things)
STEP 6.1 From sense perception To perception of movement
STEP 6.2 From intuitive idea To recall intuitive idea
STEP 6.3 From reality-based idea To refer to reality-based idea
STEP 6.4 From unthinking traveler and abstract scholar To idea of individual experience
STEP 6.5 From objective idea To subjective idea
STEP 6.6 From subjective individual ego To express pleasure and pain
STEP 6.7 From universal self To individual self
STEP 6.8 From swing between universal thought and personal feelings To true individuality (reach feelings up To universal ideals)
STEP 6.9 From individual life environment To individual worldview
STEP 6.10 From individual organization To intensity of feelings
STEP 6.11 From feeling life devoid of thought To education of feeling life
STEP 6.12 From concepts To living concepts

Reality - True Nature Of World

7.0 From World Of Appearance TO True Nature Of World
STEP 7.1 From facts of experience To hypothetically assumed world principle
STEP 7.2 From "I" questions To "I" answers
STEP 7.3 From well-known percepts To well-known concepts
STEP 7.4 From objective reality (object-in-itself) To conceptual representation of objective reality
STEP 7.5 From ideal principles To real principles
STEP 7.6 From ideal evidence To real evidence of senses
STEP 7.7 From perceptible entities To ideal entities
STEP 7.8 From perceptible reality To imperceptible forces
STEP 7.9 From sum of percepts To monism: laws of nature
STEP 7.10 From separation of “I” To monism: integration of “I” To world continuum
STEP 7.11 From sum of effects To inductive reasoning: deduction of underlying causes
STEP 7.12 From subjective world continuum To objective real world continuum


Self Knowledge

8.0 From Knowing Personality To Feeling And Willing Personality
STEP 8.1 From relate percept to feeling To feeling personality
STEP 8.2 From perception of feeling To reality of personality
STEP 8.3 From incomplete feeling To knowledge of feeling
STEP 8.4 From feeling of existence To concept of self
STEP 8.5 From direct relationship in feeling To prioritize emotional development
STEP 8.6 From feeling connection to feeling insight (instrument of knowledge)
STEP 8.7 From insert self into everything To philosopher of feeling (felt union with things)
STEP 8.8 From mystic feeling intuition To mysticism (subjective feeling)
STEP 8.9 From willing personality To perception of willing
STEP 8.10 From direct experience of will To voluntarism (will is principle of reality)
STEP 8.11 From real principles of feeling and willing To naive knowledge of feeling and willing
STEP 8.12 From universal will To conceptually relate will to world

True Self

9.0 From Conceptual Intuition Of My Perception To Conceptual Intuition Of My Act Of Will
STEP 9.1 From act of will not determined by idea To ideal will
STEP 9.2 From motive and driving force To ethical character
STEP 9.3 From characterological disposition To motivated idea
STEP 9.4a From levels of characterological disposition (driving force) To practical reason
STEP 9.4b From levels of motive (goals) To conceptual intuition
STEP 9.5 From conduct determined by ideal content or motive To capable of ethical intuition
STEP 9.6 From situational idea: moral duty To situational idea: ethical intuition
STEP 9.7 From ethical individualism (express one's ethical content) To ethical intuition
STEP 9.8 From love of goal To good deed
STEP 9.9 From corrupt action To free action
STEP 9.10 From common moral order To harmony of intentions
STEP 9.11 From concept of free spirit To actualize free spirit
STEP 9.12 From dangerous free spirit To social order favors individual
STEP 9.1 addition: From psyche-physical organization TO impulse of freedom

Free Ethical Impulse - Moral Authority

10.0 From External Moral Authority To Internal Moral Authority
STEP 10.1 From mechanical laws of materialism To illusion of freedom
STEP 10.2 From dictates of spiritual being To do god's will
STEP 10.3 From materialist automaton or spiritualist slave To no room for freedom
STEP 10.4 From imposed principles To freedom denial
STEP 10.5 From accept moral principles From others To free ethical impulse
STEP 10.6 From reject accusations of unconscious compulsion To identify specific cause that made this person act unfreely
STEP 10.7 From unfree in world of percepts To realization of free spirit
STEP 10.8 From free creation of ethical world order To ruler of authoritarian collective
STEP 10.9 From true philosophy of freedom To course of development that leads to free spirit
STEP 10.10 From stages of development To find own self
STEP 10.11 From preparatory stages of morality To truly moral world view
STEP 10.12 From ethical maxims of higher beings To moral way is freedom

Chapter 11 WORLD PURPOSE AND LIFE PURPOSE (The Destiny Of Man)
World Continuum - Human Purpose

11.0 From Cause And Effect To Purposeful Action
STEP 11.1 From percepts cause and effect To concepts cause and effect
STEP 11.2 From conceptual factor of effect To conceptual factor of plant
STEP 11.3 From lawful of effect To human action
STEP 11.4 From imperceptible forces To imaginary purpose
STEP 11.5 From non-human purposes To laws of nature
STEP 11.6 From set life purposes To operative idea
STEP 11.7 From life task To chosen mission
STEP 11.8 From human purpose actualized To historical purpose is invalid
STEP 11.9 From order and unity in world To formative principle of nature
STEP 11.10 From adaptation in purpose To teleology (purposeful design)
STEP 11.11 From inborn idea of nature To law of machine
STEP 11.12 From cosmic purpose To rejection of absolute cosmic being

CHAPTER 12 MORAL IMAGINATION (Darwinism and Ethics)
Free Ethical Deed

12.0 From Act On Ideas Of Others To Act On Original Decision
STEP 12.1 From find existing concrete idea To translate concept into concrete idea of action
STEP 12.2 From ideas formed by moral imagination To teach morality
STEP 12.3 From science of how world works To moral technique (transform world w/o violating existing laws)
STEP 12.4 From study of moral capacity To moral operating causes
STEP 12.5 From inherited moral laws To ethical rules newly created at every moment
STEP 12.6 From later moral ideas evolve out of earlier ones To new moral ideas not drawn from earlier ones
STEP 12.7 From evolution of ethical nature To individual moral ideas
STEP 12.8 From rejection of supernatural influence To sovereignty of ethical individual
STEP 12.9 From characterization of deed (free or not free) To observation of ethical idea
STEP 12.10 From natural origin of the free deed To free deed (realization of pure ideal)
STEP 12.11 From moral ideas determined by others To want what is right
STEP 12.12 From want what another considers right To enslaved spirit

CHAPTER 13 THE VALUE OF LIFE (Optimism and Pessimism)
True Individuality

13.0 From Life Is Good (Optimism) To Life Is Full Of Misery (Pessimism)
STEP 13.1 From best possible world To cooperative participation
STEP 13.2 From pain of striving To universal idleness
STEP 13.3 From pain outweighs pleasure To selfless service
STEP 13.4 From pleasure of striving To future goal
STEP 13.5 From quantity of pleasure To rational estimation of feeling
STEP 13.6 From quality of pleasure To critical examination of feeling
STEP 13.7 From To pursuit of pleasure hopelessness of egotism
STEP 13.8 From value of pleasure To satisfaction of needs
STEP 13.9 From will for pleasure To intensity of desire
STEP 13.10 From magnitude of pleasure To amusement
STEP 13.11 From highest pleasure To realization of moral ideals
STEP 13.12 From joy of achievement To measure achievement against aims

Free Individuality

14.0 From Group Member To Free Individuality
STEP 14.1 From ethnic group To group type
STEP 14.2 From individual nature To emancipation from type
STEP 14.3 From judge according to type To judge according to character
STEP 14.4 From equal opportunity To merit promotion
STEP 14.5 From academic laws of type To free self-determination
STEP 14.6 From fixed conceptual content To free thinking
STEP 14.7 From general traits indicate goals To find innermost core
STEP 14.8 From concepts of type To individual views and actions
STEP 14.9 From know according to preconceptions To emancipation of knowing
STEP 14.10 From free spirit within community To emancipation of being
STEP 14.11 From imitation and obedience To true ethical conduct
STEP 14.12 From moral contribution to humanity To history of moral life






1. Free Will


14. Free Individuality

2. Desire For Knowledge


13. Desire For Ethical Ideals

3. Pure Thinking


12. Imaginative Thinking

4. Human Organization


11. World Organization

5. World Principles


10. Ethical Principles

6. Individual Idea


9. Individual Ethical Idea

7. Cognize World
(reality of world)


8. Cognize Self
(reality of self)