Chapter 6 INDIVIDUALITY
Why do people hold a certain view? What is it that convinces someone of something? It depends on their thinking personality. Each Philosophy Of Freedom chapter describes 12 thinking personality types.
Chapter 6 of The Philosophy Of freedom describes the representing process (mental picturing). The aspect of the representation process that most interests someone depends on their thinking personality type. Here are some notes on the 12 views of the representing process. A free person will be aware of all the 12 world-outlooks and apply them according to need.
6.0 Chapter 6 mood is Logicism (connecting parts into a whole) Introduction: My perception of the tree exists within the same whole as does my self. As world-knower I can discover the common element in both percept and self — as two sides of one existence which belong together — only through thinking, which relates both to each other through concepts.
6.1 Materialist representing (physical world) Every change in an object is perceived by us as a process of motion. This physiological fact can throw no light on the relation of percepts to ideas. We must find our way by some other means.
6.2 Spiritist representing (what underlies world, gained by inner activity) The moment a percept appears in my field of consciousness, thought, too, becomes active in me. A member of my thought-system, a definite intuition connects itself with the percept. An idea is nothing but an intuition, a concept, related to a particular percept; it retains this reference to the percept.
6.3 Realist representing (external world) An idea is therefore nothing but an individualized concept. And now we can see how “real” objects can be represented to us by ideas.
6.4 Idealist representing (looks for progressive tendency) The sum of my ideas may be called my experience. The man who has the greater number of individualized concepts (ideas) will be the man of richer experience. The unthinking traveler and the student absorbed in abstract conceptual systems are alike incapable of acquiring a rich experience.
6.5 Mathematist representing (calculating, order) Cognitive personality: If our personality expressed itself only in cognition, the totality of all that is objective would be contained in percept, concept, and idea.
6.6 Rationalist representing We are not satisfied merely to refer percepts, by means of thinking, to concepts, but we relate them also to our private subjectivity, our individual Ego. The expression of this relation to us as individuals is feeling, which manifests itself as pleasure and pain.
6.7 Psychist representing (psychology, ideas are bound up with a being) Thinking and feeling correspond to the twofold nature of our being. It is only because with self-knowledge we experience self-feeling and with the perception of objects pleasure and pain, that we live as individuals who have a special value in themselves.
6.8 Pneumatist representing (spirit) The farther we ascend into the universal nature of thought, the more the character of unique personality becomes lost in us. True individuality belongs to him whose feelings reach up to the farthest possible extent into the region of the ideal.
6.9 Monadist representing (build up existence in itself) Each one of us has his special standpoint from which he looks out on the world. His concepts link themselves to his percepts. He has his own special way of forming general concepts.
6.10 Dynamist representing (force is present) Intensity Of Feelings. Each of us combines special feelings, and these in the most varying degrees of intensity, with his percepts.
6.11 Phenomenalist representing (appearance of phenomena and interpretation) Man is meant to be a whole. Knowledge of objects will go hand-in-hand with the development and education of the feeling-side of his nature.
6.12 Sensationalist representing (accept sense impression without mixed in thought) Feeling is the means whereby, in the first instance, concepts gain concrete life.