Chapter 11 WORLD PURPOSE AND LIFE PURPOSE
Why do people hold a certain view? What is it that convinces someone of something? It depends on their thinking personality. Each Philosophy Of Freedom chapter describes 12 thinking personality types.
Chapter 11 of The Philosophy Of freedom describes human purpose. The aspect of human purpose that most interests someone depends on their thinking personality type. Here are some notes on the 12 views of human purpose. A free person will be aware of all the 12 world-outlooks and apply them according to need.
11.0 Chapter 11 mood is Empiricism (immediate external experience) Concept Of Purpose: Purpose is a special kind of sequence of phenomena. Such adaptation is genuinely real only when, in contrast to the relation of cause and effect in which the antecedent event determines the subsequent, the subsequent event determines the antecedent. This is possible only in the sphere of human actions.
11.1 Materialist purpose (physical world) Percept Cause: The percept of the cause precedes the percept of the effect.
11.2 Spiritist purpose (what underlies world, gained by inner activity) Conceptual Factor: If the effect is to have a real influence upon the cause, it can do so only by means of the conceptual factor.
11.3 Realist purpose (external world) Real factor: In order to have a purposive connection it is not only necessary to have an ideal connection of consequent and antecedent according to law, but the concept (law) of the effect must really, i.e., by means of a perceptible process, influence the cause.
11.4 Idealist purpose (looks for progressive tendency) Ideal factor: The naive consciousness attempts to introduce perceptible factors where only ideal factors can actually be found. In sequences of perceptible events it looks for perceptible connections, or, failing to find them, it imports them by imagination.
11.5 Mathematist purpose (calculating, order) Laws Of Nature: Monism rejects the concept of purpose in every sphere, with the sole exception of human action. It looks for laws of Nature, but not for purposes of Nature.
11.6 Rationalist purpose Purposes Of Life: Life-purposes which man does not set up for himself, are, from the standpoint of Monism, illegitimate assumptions. Nothing is purposive except what man has made so, for only the realization of ideas originates anything purposive.
11.7 Psychist purpose (psychology, ideas are bound up with a being) Human Destiny: Life has no other purpose or function than the one which man gives to it. If the question be asked: What is man's purpose in life? Monism has but one answer: The purpose which he gives to himself.
11.8 Pneumatist purpose (spirit) Only Doers Realize Purposeful Ideas: Ideas are realized only by human agents. Consequently, it is illegitimate to speak of the embodiment of ideas by history.
11.9 Monadist purpose (build up existence in itself) Formative Principle: The structure of every natural object, be it plant, animal, or man, is not determined and conditioned by an idea of it floating in midair, but by the formative principle of the more inclusive whole of Nature which unfolds and organizes itself in a purposive manner."
11.10 Dynamist purpose (force is present) Teleology: Teleology maintains only that, in spite of the thousand misfits and miseries of this natural life, there is a high degree of adaptation to purpose and plan unmistakable in the formations and developments of Nature.
11.11 Phenomenalist purpose (appearance of phenomena and interpretation) Coherence Within Whole: The orderly coherence of the members of a perceptual whole is nothing more than the ideal (logical) coherence of the members of the ideal whole which is contained in this perceptual whole.
11.12 Sensationalist purpose (accept sense impression without mixed in thought) For monism, with the falling away of the absolute world being who cannot be experienced but is only hypothetically inferred, there also falls away any reason for ascribing purpose to the world and to nature.