Chapter 1 CONSCIOUS HUMAN ACTION
Why do people hold a certain view? What is it that convinces someone of something? It depends on their thinking personality. Each Philosophy Of Freedom chapter describes 12 thinking personality types.
Chapter 1 of The Philosophy Of freedom describes the acting process. The aspect of the action process that most interests someone depends on their thinking personality type. Here are some notes on the 12 views of the action process. A free person will be aware of all the 12 world-outlooks and apply them according to need.
1.0 Chapter 1 mood is Occultism (hidden to perception and ordinary cognition) Introduction: Is man free in action and thought, or is he bound by an iron necessity? One and the same thing is thus proclaimed, now as the most precious possession of humanity, now as its most fatal illusion.
1.1 Materialist action (physical world) Freedom of Indifferent Choice: Neutrally choosing, entirely at will, one or the other of two possible courses of action.
Opposed: There always exists a specific reason to explain why we carry out an action.
1.2 Spiritist action (what underlies world, gained by inner activity) Freedom Of Choice:
Make a free choice according to our own wants and preferences.
Opposed: We are not free to desire or not desire arbitrarily.
1.3 Realist action (external world) Free Necessity Of One's Nature: Freedom is to express the necessity of our own nature.
Opposed: However complex, our nature is determined by external causes to act in a fixed and exact way.
1.4 Idealist action (looks for progressive tendency) Free From External Influences: We act on an idea only if it is first accepted by our “character”.
Opposed: An idea is made into a motive according to the 'necessity' of our characterological disposition.
1.5 Mathematist action (calculating, order) Action Resulting From Conscious Motive: Rather than blind urge, we act according to a conscious motive. The knowing doer.
Opposed: The knower has been separated from the doer. We don’t always do what we know should be done.
1.6 Rationalist action Free When Controlled By Rational Decision: Freedom is to determine one's life and action by purpose and deliberate decisions.
Opposed: A rational decision may emerge in me with the same necessity as hunger and thirst arise.
1.7 Psychist action (psychology, ideas are bound up with a being) Free To Do As One Wants: To be free does not mean being able to determine what one wants, but being able to do what one wants.
Opposed: If a motive works on me, and I am compelled to follow it because it proves to be the “strongest” of its kind, then the thought of freedom ceases to make any sense.
1.8 Pneumatist action (spirit) Spontaneous Unconditioned Will: Our will is the cause of our movement, the willing itself is “unconditioned”; it is an absolute beginning (a first cause and not a link in a chain of events).
Opposed: We do not perceive the causes that determine our will, so we believe it is not causally determined at all.
1.9 Monadist action (build up existence in itself) Knowledge Of The Reasons: Freedom is an action of which the reasons are known. We reflect of the motive before we act.
Opposed: What is the origin of the thoughts that cause us to act?
1.10 Dynamist action (force is present) Driving Force Of The Heart: Love, compassion, and patriotism are emotional driving forces for action.
Opposed: The heart and its sensibility do not create the motives of action. They allow them to enter. The motives have already been established.
1.11 Phenomenalist action (appearance of phenomena and interpretation) Love Of Action: Love determines our action.
Opposed: Feelings are determined by thought. Love is based on how idealistic are the thoughts we form of the love one.
1.12 Sensationalist action (accept sense impression without mixed in thought) Perception Of Good Qualities: We “see” the good qualities of the loved one. Many pass by without noticing these good qualities.
Opposed: Seeing good qualities is determined by love which opens the eyes to see them. The love is there because mental pictures have been made of the good qualities.