Chapter 9 THE IDEA OF FREEDOM
Why do people hold a certain view? What is it that convinces someone of something? It depends on their thinking personality. Each Philosophy Of Freedom chapter describes 12 thinking personality types.
Chapter 9 of The Philosophy Of freedom describes the idea to act. The aspect of the idea to act that most interests someone depends on their thinking personality type. Here are some notes on the 12 views of the idea to act. A free person will be aware of all the 12 world-outlooks and apply them according to need.
9.0 Chapter 9 mood is Logicism (connecting parts into a whole) Introduction: What is brought into ideal relation to the external world by means of the concept, is an immediate experience of my own, a percept of my self. More precisely, it is a percept of my self as active, as producing effects on the external world. In apprehending my own acts of will, I connect a concept with a corresponding percept, viz., with the particular volition. In other words, by an act of thought I link up my individual faculty (my will) with the universal world-process.
9.1 Materialist idea to act (physical world) External Idea: Idea from our conceptual system which corresponds to the external world and is conditioned by this external world.
9.2 Spiritist idea to act (what underlies world, gained by inner activity) Motive Of Will: Universal and individual concepts (ideas) become motives of will by influencing the individual make up (characterological disposition) and determining him to action in a particular direction.
9.3 Realist idea to act (external world) Characterological disposition: Habitual ideas and feelings, determined by experience and environment.
9.4 Idealist idea to act (looks for progressive tendency) Levels of morality.
9.5 Mathematist idea to act (calculating, order) Practical reason: The action is neither a stereotyped one, nor is it automatically performed in response to an external impulse. Rather it is determined solely through its ideal content.
9.6 Rationalist idea to act Moral Motive: The action is individually adapted to the special case and the special situation, and yet at the same time is ideally determined by pure intuition.
9.7 Psychist idea to act (psychology, ideas are bound up with a being) Ethical Individualism: To express in life the aggregate of the ideas in us that refers to action, our moral substance, is ethical individualism.
9.8 Pneumatist idea to act (spirit) Love For The Objective: I do not ask whether my action is good or bad; I perform it because I am in love with it.
9.9 Monadist idea to act (build up existence in itself) Expression Of Ideals In Individual Way: The individual element in me is not my organism with its instincts and feelings, but rather the unified world of ideas which reveals itself through this organism. An act the grounds for which lie in the ideal part of my individual nature is free.
9.10 Dynamist idea to act (force is present) Harmony Of Intentions: If we both draw our intuitions really from the world of ideas, and do not obey mere external impulses (physical or moral), then we can not but meet one another in striving for the same aims, in having the same intentions.
9.11 Phenomenalist idea to act (appearance of phenomena and interpretation) Concept of the Free Human Being: Our life is made up of free and unfree actions. We cannot, however, form a final and adequate concept of human nature without coming upon the free spirit as its purest expression.
9.12 Sensationalist idea to act (accept sense impression without mixed in thought) Moral World Order: The Philistine who looks upon the state as embodied morality is sure to look upon the free spirit as a danger to the state. The free man acts because he has a moral idea, he does not act in order to be moral. Human individuals are the presupposition of a moral world order.